29 March 1915; Monday

At work as usual. Snow in the morning but got out fine. Did a bit shorthand at night from Macauley’s Essays1 and played a bit.

Received news of the Falaba disaster also the Aquila.


  1. Thomas Babington Macauley, now best known for his poem Horatius (“Then out spake brave Horatius, The Captain of the Gate:…”) whose essays, originally published in the Edinburgh Review, were collected as Critical and Historical Essays in 1843. 

28 March 1915; Sunday

Went to the Royalty Church in the morning. Nice church, good music and pretty good sermon. At Sunday School in the afternoon and had 3 classes. At North Bridge Street at night to hear Penitence, P[ardon] & Peace1. Miss Brackwill took the soprano and Tom Leyden the baritone solos. Billy Marshall and Billy Whittaker with me and Charlie in the choir. Had usual walks. Rather wild weather and some snow. The Falaba2 torpedoed and over 100 lives lost.


  1. “Penitence, Pardon & Peace”: oratorio by John Henry Maunder (1858-­1920), organist in Sydenham and Forest Hill; better known for oratorio “Olivet to Calvary.” 

  2. RMS Falaba was the first passenger ship torpedoed in WW1, and an American engineer L C Thrasher was among the 104 lives lost, causing an international incident as the Kaiser had declared British waters a war zone as recently as 18 February; but Falaba was carrying explosives, which duly exploded. The submarine was U28. Location probably S. of Ireland, as Thrasher’s body is said to have been found after the Lusitania sinking. 

27 March 1915; Saturday

Finished work about 2 o’clock. Went down to the north side of the river and saw the Hebe1 -­ submarine and then walked on to Roker with Joe. Went to Roker again at night with Willie Whittaker and Charlie. Very cold and rather wild.


  1. H.M.S. Hebe was completed as a torpedo gunboat, but was converted along with her sister Onyx to submarine depot ship before the War. Hebe served with the Sixth Submarine Flotilla based on the Tyne, 10 or 12 miles north of Sunderland, from 1914 to 1916 

24 March 1915; Wednesday

At work as usual. Went to recruiting office at night with Joe, but met the man coming out and the office was closed. Went straight down to Mrs Wiseman’s with Joe.

Russians reduce Przemyzl1 after about 7 months siege. Father at Heath’s Office.


  1. Przemyśl: then in Galicia (the NE part of Austria-­Hungary), now in Poland, just across the Ukrainian border from Lvov. 

20 March 1915; Saturday

At work as usual. Finished about 1.30. Came up with the chemist’s assistant. Went into town in the afternoon, for my papers and called at John Wilson’s and got a file and a cord† from the shop. Went down to Dr. Blair’s and got a bottle. Had walk out to Grangetown at night with Willie. Felt a bit better but still off form.