Tag Archives: July Crisis

Diary entries recording the events leading to the declaration of war on Germany on 4th August 1914.

26 July 1914; Sunday

At chapel and School as usual. Mr Chadwick preaching. Managed very well in both places. Went to Willie and Lily’s to tea. Mr and Mrs Bigg there. Willie playing the organ. Blaikie on his holidays. Miss Hunter away too. A few hail showers and we didn’t walk far. Mr Chadwick announced that we would commence with the [new hymns crossed through by ALL] old hymn books next month and that Mr Flood will be preaching one day in August.

Conference of Germany, France, Italy and Great Britain proposed by Sir Edward Grey1 but Germany declines. 27th2.

  1. See also Wikipedia: Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon  

  2. “27th” perhaps means that this last sentence is overflow from the next page (28 July), which is full. 

24 July 1914; Friday

Got up at 6.15 and went to baths. Swimming on my back for first time. Received telegram at home from insurance man and he called and saw Father. I went along at night to Whittakers’ and talked with Mr Whittaker until about 11 o’clock. He was unfit. Decided to write and ask Robsons’ what they propose to do.

Austrian Demands considered to imply challenge to Russians. Russian cabinet meetings.

23 July 1914; Thursday

Busy all day. Did some shorthand in the morning. Compensation man called to see Father, but Father was not in at the time. Willie and Lily called to ask us to tea.

Austrian note presented to Servia1 and a reply demanded within 48 hours.

  1. “Servia”: Serbia was commonly so spelt before WW1; cf. Bartholomew’s Literary & Historical Atlas of Europe, publ. 1910, repr. 1912 & 1914, in Everyman’s Library; also Lady Cynthia Asquith’s diaries for 1915/18. The spelling possibly arose from confusion between В/в (pronounced “V”), and Б/б (pronounced “B”) as actually used in spelling Србиjа.