Category Archives: January 1914

All diary entries written in January 1914.

1 January 1914; Thursday

Shook hands with Joe1 first. George Bagley second. Polly Abigales † 3rd. Had an invitation to Jenny Arkleby’s † but didn’t go. We all went to bed about 2 o’clock. Charlie slept the year out. He started at 5 in the morning. Ernie and Hilda arrived about 12 o’clock. We had turkey for dinner. Had short walk in the afternoon. Arranged a ping pong table down stairs and played a bit. Company arrived about 7 o’clock. The Whittaker family. Willie Marshall. The Christopher Street people, Ernie and Hilda. Had jolly time and supped about midnight.
Our Party.


  1. Joe Wiseman was the husband of ALL’s elder sister Marmie; he had moved to Lincoln in 1905, date of return to Sunderland not recorded. There was an extensive Bagley family in the 1930-­‐40’s, but their relationship with George B. is not recorded. P. Abigales and J. Arkleby (if correct) are unidentified; hereinafter, identified names are annotated (if at all) on first appearance, and names not identified receive no annotation. Charlie was ALL’s younger brother, working in the Post Office. Ernie was ALL’s elder brother, married to Hilda (née Tulip), at this time living in St Andrew’s. The Whittaker family were long-­standing members of the Methodist church, but I do not know their occupation. Willie Marshall appears to have been a chapel member, and possibly a cousin in some degree. Christopher Street is just W. of the S. end of Hendon Road. 

2 January 1914; Friday

Got up about 9 o’clock. Went to the infirmary with Father1. Had short walk round town and got papers and diaries. Called for Willie Marshall and arranged to go out with him in the afternoon. Went for him after dinner. Walked along to Whitburn2 and back. Went to pictures at night. A good number present. Played whist before supper. Had different games after supper and we left about 3 o’clock. Enjoyed ourselves pretty well.


  1. “Went to the infirmary”: probably in connection with the work-place accident to Father’s hand; see later entries. 

  2. Whitburn: then still a fishing village, a mile north of the Sunderland built-­up area. 

3 January 1914; Saturday

Got up late and was late for work1. Finished about 1.30. Met Ernie and we went to the match2. Went into the bob stand. Sunderland 1 v. Liverpool 2. A fair game. Liverpool goalie was very clever. He was laid out, and was off for about 10 minutes. Ernie didn’t care much about it. Ernie and Hilda went to the pantomime at night. Willie, Charlie and I went round the town and afterwards Charlie and Joe and I played ping pong at home. Went to bed rather late.


  1. Saturday morning working was of course normal – as it remained until the 1960s. 

  2. The football match was at the old Roker Park; admission to the stand: one shilling (= 5p; a “bob”). 

4 January 1914; Sunday

At chapel1 as usual. Mr Chadwick preached. Charlie and Joe commenced in the School. The classes were merged. I managed pretty well. Had shorter walks than usual and were at Grandmother’s to tea and supper. Had a bit music and a pleasant time. Charlie and I saw a woman fall down in Christopher Street, and she broke a jug she was carrying. Got to bed about midnight after talking about Father and a shop. Ernie and Hilda went to Boldon2 for the night. I said goodbye to Ernie and talked a bit about the prospects before them.


  1. “Chapel” would have been the South Durham Street Methodist church, which closed at some date between the Wars; Mr Chadwick was of course the Minister. “School” was Sunday School. 

  2. Boldon, which may have meant East B., West B. or B. Colliery, would have been where Hilda’s parents lived. 

5 January 1914; Monday

Got up about 7.30. Drilled a short time.1 Got on very well at work and finished about 5.30. Got hair cut. Cold night and some snow falling. Mr Aitken2 went to Edinburgh. Finished about 5.30. Went to Mr Chadwick’s after I had done a bit homework and arranged about missionary business. Blaikie3 there. We stayed until pretty late.


  1. “Drill” was probably as taught in Board School PT; ALL continued to do it until middle age. 

  2. Mr Aitken was ‘management’, possibly company secretary, at the Hendon Paper Works. His death is recorded on 25 Sept 1917. 

  3. Blaikie occurs frequently, written with or without the final vowel – so it could be “Black”; but I have assumed “Blaikie.” 

6 January 1914; Tuesday

Got up about 8 o’clock. Got work well up to date. Cold and frosty. Finished early. Read a bit. Did some Pelman1. Went down to meeting. Called at Furley’s and got to know that Mr Furley was at work again. Played2 for the class meeting. Had break for a few minutes. Mother, Father and Gertie3 at the pantomime. Said it was pretty decent but not of much account†. Went to bed about midnight.


  1. Pelmanism was a popular system of memory training, using association of things and ideas. 

  2. “Played” without a direct object generally means “played the piano” or according to context “-­ the organ”. Like many Victorian and Edwardian families of all classes, ALL’s family were ‘musical’. His father played the ‘cello, ALL and his two sisters were competent pianists, Ernie learned to play the violin, and Charlie was a popular bass-­baritone soloist and chorister. ALL also played church or chapel organs throughout his life. 

  3. Gertie was ALL’s younger sister. 

7 January 1914; Wednesday

Got up at 8 o’clock. Fine day. Felt pretty fresh. Finished in good time. Went along to Willie’s about 7.30. Willie Whittaker called for me. Charlie followed us. A good number there including Chris Beresford, Misses Boyce, Dick and May, Billy Rawson and Miss Douglas, Willie Bigg and Edie, Natty and his girl, a Mr Bannister and his wife. Stayed until Nearly 2 o’clock. I got the booby prize. Charlie sang 2 songs. I played for one. Chris Beresford sang, and Miss Boyce. Natty and Willie played. Charlie and I set Edie Heron along home. Went to bed about 2.30. Enjoyed it pretty well.
Marshall’s Party.

8 January 1914; Thursday

Got up about 8 o’clock. Late for work. A bit dull all day. Finished early. Played a bit and then went round to Whittaker’s. Took over the compensation business.1 Joe gave in his notice2 about this time.


  1. “Compensation” refers to his father’s loss of the first two fingers of his right hand in a workplace accident on an unrecorded date, probably in late 1913. 

  2. It is not recorded where Joe Wiseman had worked. 

10 January 1914; Saturday

Finished about 2.15. Went to town in the afternoon. Shaved and went to Trinity1 and heard a good lecture about Buddha. Met Willie and went to Memorial Hall2 and heard Mr Barnard† recite. He was not so good as before. Had walk round town last thing and looked closely at shops and considered dressing of windows.


  1. “Trinity”: possibly Holy Trinity Church, Bishopwearmouth. 

  2. “Memorial Hall” (also referred to as “Victoria Hall”): the Victoria Memorial Hall, where 183 children died in a stampede on 16.06.1883; demolished by a German bomb in 1941